Road Map To Full Stack Developer

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Logicmojo - Updated Sept 18, 2021



When you are looking for someone who can take care of your whole web or mobile application development process, then you must come across the term full-stack development or full-stack developers.

Full-Stack Web Development, according to the Stack Overflow 2016 Developer Survey, is the most popular developer occupation today. It’s no wonder then that there are dozens of online and in-person programs that will help people become Full-Stack Developers and then even assist these new developers land high-paying programming jobs.

Full Stack Development is the most popular developer occupation today. No wonder the Internet is so full of courses and tutorials that teach you Front-end, Back-end, Databases, Cloud Services, Deployments, Architecture, System Design, etc and then even assist these new developers land high-paying programming jobs. The problem is that it becomes overwhelming for a beginner to find his way through them in a structured way.

This article will give you an overview of technologies you may consider to learn for being a fullstack developer and beyond. We’ll start to take a look at the foundation and programming languages and then move forward to more advanced topics like frameworks and additional tools.


What is Full Stack Development?

A full stack developer is someone who works with both the front end and back end of a web application. The front end is responsible for the visual look and feel of the website, while back end is responsible for the behind the scenes logic and infrastructure of the site.

🚀 Pros of becoming full stack developer

 • Can work more easily on small teams or tech startups where there are fewer developer jobs to go around

 • Full stack developers know how to communicate with both front end developers and back end developers, helping cut down on lots of confusion

 • They can solve all problems at once—not just surface-level development needs

🚀 Cons of becoming full stack developer

 • The biggest argument against full stack (we think) is this: If you’re not specialized, is the quality of your code ever going to be as good as it could be?

 • It’s hard to prioritize projects

 • You may find that companies that hire you for both front end and back end development expect you to do more work than you can complete in a 40-hour workweek (i.e. the cutting corners approach to a web development budget).


Full Stack Development Industry Overview

A United States Bureau of Labor Statistics study shows there will be 853,000 full stack developer jobs by 2024. Though there is an abundance of seasoned front-end and back-end developers in the market, the IT industry is gradually leaning toward full stack developers for their holistic solutions.

A full stack developer’s scope for growth in the industry is much more diverse and multi-dimensional than a front-end or back-end developer. Since they play multiple roles in their team, they help organizations save money, and reduce overall operational costs and development speed.


Full Stack Developer Salary

Full stack developers get a handsome amount of salary. However, the actual salary depends on many factors like company, experience, location and obviously on skills. Experience matters a lot when we talking about salaries. Obviously, the salary of a senior full-stack developer will be more than that of a fresher. The average full stack developer salary in India is ₹7,23,017 per year.

The Definitive Guide

A Full-Stack Web Developer is someone who is able to work on both the front-end and back-end portions of an application. Front-end generally refers to the portion of an application the user will see or interact with, and the back-end is the part of the application that handles the logic, database interactions, user authentication, server configuration, etc.

Front-end technology

This skillset involves the actual presentation of your website—how the information in your website is laid out in browsers and on mobile devices as well. A dedicated frontend developer will be very experienced working with HTML and CSS, as well as the scripting language JavaScript. With these languages, the developer can very efficiently manipulate the information on a website to make it appealing and effective.

HTML/ CSS HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language aid the developer in structuring the web page with the deployment of markup. CSS refers to Cascading Style sheets acts as a building block in web development. In HTML, the latest version is HTML5 and CSS3 is the current version in CSS. HTML5 and CSS3 lend a helping hand in styling the content along with the decoration part of the website.


JavaScript When we talk about object scripting languages, JavaScript tops the list due to its contribution to the addition of behaviors with the help of HTML. It’s uniqueness lies in the deployment of this language’s execution over the native browser along with the usage over server-side.

JavaScript has numerous frameworks namely Angular.js and React.js that the developer must be aware of. Moreover, this offers admirable features like prototypes, closure in making responsive web pages, functions, along with higher-order event delegation.


Front End Frameworks


Angular.js It is among the open-source framework for web application to create RIA (Rich Internet Application). It is chosen for writing coding that is not restricted to any specific platform. Besides, it is good at handling JavaScript code suitable for browser individually.

It’s major contribution can be witnessed in single phase application along with line of business application. Allot sufficient time to learn AngularJS course to become a Full Stack developer on the whole. You will get the overall knowledge of this course through our blog on Full Stack Web Development Frameworks.


React JS This technique is deployed for the construction of reusable User Interface components. It is preferred due to the declarative and flexible nature. Learn ReactJS course that is used for speeding up the performance of any app with the help of DOM. This can be used as framework over both the client and server-side.


Node Js The demand for developers with Node.js knowledge is high in the market. This is a part of JavaScript environment. Learning web development for beginners will assist you to get the conceptual knowledge in Full Stack Web Development.


Version Control System VCS is nothing but makes the developer keep a record of the changes that are made in the codebase recently. If the developer has enough knowledge of Git then it is extremely useful in understanding the process to fetch the current code along with updating the codes followed by modifying other’s codes.


Backend Programming language


For a Full Stack Web Development professional it is vital to have good knowledge in backend languages. As it is expected from a Full Stack Web developer by the employers. However, make sure you gain the complete knowledge in whatever tools or skills you get involved in rather than learning for namesake. As it won’t be for any use. Thus, knowledge of backend web development knowledge is equally important for becoming a Full Stack developer.

In the JAMstack world, the back end will generally refer to the APIs that our front ends use to create dynamic experiences by interacting with endpoints from the client (like those in CRUD APIs). Being able to make those requests from the client will remove the need to have to do any of that processing before the page is served to the browser.

PHP
PHP is an acronym for Hypertext Preprocessor is one of the popularly used programming languages in the IT sector. It aids the developers in the creation of dynamic content for the interaction with the database and mainly deployed for the development of software applications that are web-based.


Python
Python is among the top programming languages used by organizations around the globe due to its simple syntax with huge frameworks namely Flask, Django and many more.

The main purpose of frameworks is to make a developer’s job easier by developing a set of conventions that can be adopted for many of the different processes involved in creating a website—from how information is displayed to how it is stored and accessed in the database.



Some Full-Stack Frameworks

In a full-stack development, developer teams are responsible for provisioning servers, the underlying platform, user interface and all other components required for a functional website. Some popular full-stack frameworks include:

Django, Vue.js and Python

This stack builds upon Python, the general-purpose programming language, to create a framework that’s efficient, easy to read, and easy to learn. This OS-agnostic stack enables the building of quick prototypes through leveraging features such as Class-Based Views and Object Relational Model (ORM). With Django ORM, teams can abstract the complexities of creating and managing databases so that they can build databases without writing SQL code. Using Vue.js for the front-end, this framework combines the best of React.js and Angular.js into one library for building Single Page Applications.

MEAN/MERN/MEVN

These stacks offer a simple way to deploy single-page applications without having to use Javascript. Commonly used technologies for some of its components are:

 • Database - MongoDB
 • Server-side framework - Express.js
 • Client-side framework - Angular/React/Vue
 • Javascript Runtime - Node.js


LAMP

A generic software stack model with interchangeable components for delivering high-performance web applications. Commonly used technologies of a LAMP stack consists of:
 • Operating System - Linux
 • Server - Apache
 • Database - MySQL
 • Client-side programming - PHP


Factors to Consider When Choosing a Web Development Stack


Choosing the right tech stack to operationalize a web application may seem a herculean task, given the complex and dynamic nature of modern software production. It is important to select the right combination of tools and techniques to operationalize an application as these determine the success of the product in deployment. Here are a few aspects worth factoring in when deciding on a web development tech stack:

Project Type

The scope and type of project determine the time and effort investment required to deploy the application. For instance, Minimum Viable Products require simple, rapid development with flexible syntax, so organizations developing MVPs could benefit from Ruby on Rails. On the other hand, projects on Machine Learning, Big Data, and Artificial Intelligence are best handled with Python since it offers rich libraries and a universal language for managing large data volumes. Besides these, general use projects can be made with stacks that build upon the Java programming language for the range of features and benefits it offers.

Support for the Stack

Each popular technology has a community that turns out to be the biggest contributor through various phases of the technology’s growth. When selecting a tech stack, organizations should assess whether the technology is supported with sufficient documentation, information, and remediation forums. Additionally, tech stacks should enforce strict source control, with a formalized and standardized versioning system for updates and patches.


Tips to Crack Full Stack Interview

🚀 Be fluent with the technologies that you mentioned in your resume. If you are not confident in something, it’s better that you do not mention it.

🚀 Go through the list of “MOST ASKED INTERVIEW QUESTIONS” for each and every skill that you mentioned.

🚀 If possible try to give mock interviews. Take the help of your friends or seniors working or preparing for the same interview.

🚀 If you do not know the answer to any of the questions asked by the interviewer, just politely say no. Do not try to make up the answer or give wrong answers.


Conclusion

A full-stack developer has all the keys to the house–there is no door that you cannot open. It provides an unparalleled freedom to simultaneously work on frontend and backend development and evaluate the capabilities and potential of your website in real-time without having to wait for another developer to review if what you’re desiring is possible or not.

Good Luck & Happy Learning!!